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Category: Cognitive (Page 3 of 40)

Remarkable Women: Perspectives on Female Talent Development

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One powerful way in which we understand the world is through discourse and technology. CBT can be helpful in treating a variety of problems, including depression, anxiety and panic disorders, dealing with life event such as: death, divorce, disability, unemployment, issues with children and mounting stress. It is based on the theory that thought and behavior can affect a person’s symptoms and be an obstacle to recovery. To illustrate this point, we will discuss a study by Loftus and Palmer (1974).

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What Could He Be Thinking?: How a Man's Mind Really Works

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The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed. This course aims to provide students with tools for evaluating data from psychological studies. For example, a participant who had been told to phone the experimenter as part of an experiment was reminded by seeing a poster for another psychology experiment. Second, studies on image scanning give us some idea of how people can “mentally scan” a visual image. The conclusion is that people learn to remember in ways that are relevant for their everyday live and these do not always mirror the activities that cognitive psychologists use to investigate mental processes.

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Different Psychological Perspectives on Cognitive Processes:

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Even apparently trivial differences in the way in which a question is asked can have a marked effect on the answers elicited. Such findings raise questions about what it means to be rational. Finally, in the formal operational stage, 12 years old to adulthood, they can perform abstract reasoning. By better understanding how the mind works in relation to the physical aspects of the brain, scientists are often able to devise more effective treatment methods for certain disorders.

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The Psychology of Proof: Deductive Reasoning in Human

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Assessment is based on exams – which account for about two-thirds of your grades – and coursework, which may include writing up lab reports, tutorial essays, short reports or small group presentations. Galef, Bennett (1990). "Necessary and Sufficient Conditions for Communication of Diet Preferences by Norway Rats." History and current topics will be covered. Each field specializes on a particular branch of psychology such as clinical, cognitive, developmental, sports, abnormal, forensic, industrial-organizational, and social psychology just to name a few. ...

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Personification: Using the Dialogical Self in Psychotherapy

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Language: English

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A final possibility is that syntax and semantics are very closely associated, and have more of a hand-in-glove relationship (Altmann, personal communication). In order to gain a more complete view of how people think, cognitive psychologists examine how individuals perceive and attend to information, and later code it into memory. An “off” response, with the light causing a decreased rate of firing. He performed this task well only for words he could spell accurately.

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Cognitive Neuroscience of Attention: A Developmental

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Visual perception may be largely determined by bottom-up processes when the viewing conditions are good, but involves top-down processes as the viewing conditions deteriorate because of very brief presentation times or lack of stimulus clarity. Readings will be empirically oriented and cover the areas of deductive reasoning, inductive reasoning, and choice. FIGURE 2.1 Examples of some of the Gestalt laws of perceptual organisation: (a) the law of proximity; (b) the law of similarity; (c) the law of good continuation; and (d) the law of closure.

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Emotions, Technology, and Digital Games (Emotions and

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One is aware of oneself as an object of one's own attention and autobiography. Piaget saw adaptation, however, as a good deal broader than the kind of learning that Behaviorists in the US were talking about. They, therefore, concluded that fixation on the square of dots was not the only factor responsible for subjects’ failures. Kalina Christoff, principal investigator of the Cognitive Neuroscience of Thought Laboratory, explores the science behind–and the cognitive benefits of–mind wandering.

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The Perceptual System: A Philosophical and Psychological

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There were critical test words that represented inferences from a presented sentence but which had not actually been presented (e.g., “dead” for the sentence about the actress). And so in normal conversation we ask questions which are very leading, married, family, children, we ask questions which we don’t want the answer to, we overtalk people, and so we can’t rely on our normal communication skills in a police interview because it’s not information gathering communication normally talking to people in a perhaps, you know, over dinner or in a pub scenario, and so we have to almost go against some of our normal conversational rules.

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Becoming a Critical Thinker: A User-Friendly Manual

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Size: 10.93 MB

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First, mental models are predictive; they suggest different ways in which physical mechanisms operate. Fenton, N. and Neil, M. (2001) Making Decisions: using Bayesian nets and MCDA, Knowledge-based Systems 14: 307-325. Mood congruity is shown by recall being greatest when the affective value of the to-be-learned material matches the participant’s mood state at the time of learning. Men with higher testosterone: are more energized and have higher task performance; have higher aggression provided they are in a lower socio-economic status.

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Language Acquisition: The Growth of Grammar

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There is evidence based on fMRI to indicate that the various processes involved in the reading-span task use the same areas of the brain as are used in sentence comprehension. Neely (1977) used an ingenious technique to distinguish between the two explanations of the semantic priming effect. And he will know that you have to look at more than just the height of the milk in the glass: If you pour the mild from the short, fat glass into the tall, skinny glass, he will tell you that there is the same amount of milk as before, despite the dramatic increase in mild-level!

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